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Authors: Fran Casino, Constantinos Patsakis, Edgar Batista, Octavian Postolache, Antoni Martínez-Ballesté, Agusti Solanas

Publication date: 2018/9/6

Conference: 2018 International Symposium in Sensing and Instrumentation in IoT Era (ISSI)

Description: Smart cities are progressively gaining importance due to the worldwide process of urbanisation that is taking place and the need for more sustainable and liveable cities. In the context of a smart city, networks of interconnected heterogeneous devices provide lots of data. In addition, citizens have the possibility of using their smartphones to share information with the city and with other users, thus contributing to the overall infrastructure. With the aim to use the infrastructure of modern smart cities to improve the quality of life of citizens and their healthcare system, the concept of smart health (s-health) was born. In this article, we show how recommendation systems could be used to provide healthcare services within the context of a smart city in which citizens collaborate with the city to improve their quality of life. We describe the architecture and implementation details of a smart health application and set the foundations for further research lines that are briefly pointed out.

Authors: Edgar Batista, Agusti Solanas

Publication date: 2018/7/23

Conference: 2018 9th International Conference on Information, Intelligence, Systems and Applications (IISA)

Description: Process mining (PM) aims at discovering, monitoring and improving real processes by obtaining knowledge from event logs. It has been used in a variety of fields and has gained attention due to its ability to optimise processes, detect bottlenecks and reduce costs. In this article we provide a concise overview of process mining applied in the healthcare sector, which due to its inner complexity represents a challenge. The contribution of the article is two-fold: First, we present the results of a thorough review of the PM literature applied to the healthcare domain. We do not explain all papers in detail, on the contrary, we discuss current trends along nine dimensions of PM, namely Objective, Type, Perspective, Algorithms & Tools, Medical facilities, Medical fields, Medical process type, Medical data, and Preprocessing. By doing so, this article serves as an introductory reference for researchers interested in this field. Second, we discuss the main challenges of PM applied to the healthcare domain and point out several research lines that remain open.

Authors: Edgar Batista, Antoni Martínez-Ballesté, Marta Peña, Xavier Singla, Agusti Solanas.

Publication date: 2018/9/26

Conference: International Conference on Applications in Electronics Pervading Industry, Environment and Society

Description: The healthcare sector is rapidly changing to incorporate new technologies Antoni that enable the collection of unprecedented amounts of data. New paradigms such as mobile and smart healthcare are founded on these new technologies, such as the IoT, and the data they collect are no longer only medical but, instead, they refer to contextual information with spatio-temporal features. Also, new data processing techniques, such as process mining, are gaining attention and are reshaping the landscape of healthcare information systems. In this article, we concentrate on Geographic Information Systems and propose HGIS: a comprehensive, healthcare-oriented, GIS architecture to support the integration of heterogeneous data with spatio-temporal features. Moreover, we comment on initial results obtained from a proof-of-concept implementation developed by Xarxa Sanitària i Social de Santa Tecla, a large healthcare provider in the south of Catalonia.
Research Lines: Smart Healthcare

Authors: L Liu, WP Chen, A Solanas, AL He

Publication date: 2017/9/14

Conference: 2017 International Smart Cities Conference (ISC2)

Description: Objectives: The Internet of Things (IoT) is an emerging technology, which appears tantalizing in the healthcare domain. Governments encourage smart city initiatives to explore its applications. To determine knowledge, attitudes and practices of healthcare institutions toward IoT applications it is very important to objectively understand effects, to systematically summarize experiences, risks and barriers, to suggest market- oriented requirements, and to provide inspiration and reference for future smart city initiatives. Methods: We designed a KAP questionnaire about the IoT for healthcare and conducted a survey among municipal hospitals in Wuxi, China in May, 2015. Results: All respondents agreed on the definition of IoT for healthcare and easily obtained knowledge about the new IoT technology. Respondents showed positive views towards valuable functions and preferred solutions with inventory or material tracking, identification and authentication to make healthcare services more effective, convenient, and safe. We have stated that it is critical to solve security, privacy, and standardization issues. Last but not least, we have observed that governmental investments had played a guiding role and promoted IoT applications. Conclusions: The pilot survey has provided important insights into the KAP of IoT applications for healthcare institutions. In the near future, a KAP survey of IoT for healthcare in other cities in China and internationally will be conducted in order to gain further insights.
Research Lines: Smart Healthcare

Authors: Giedrius Vanagas, Rolf Engelbrecht, Robertas Damaševičius, Reima Suomi, Agusti Solanas

Publication date: 2018/7

Journal: Journal of Healthcare Engineering

Description: Information and communication technologies (ICT) bring a whole new dimension into the healthcare arena by introducing electronic media that open the door to the use of new methodologies. Today, ICT support electronic gathering, storage, processing, and exchange of information to treat disease, prevent illness, promote healthy lifestyle, manage patients with chronic illness, and many other applications [1, 2]. Electronic health (eHealth) has the ability to bridge gaps between patients and doctors, patients and relatives, doctors and administrative staff, and so on. Also, eHealth helps to overcome barriers by means that are significantly different from traditional healthcare solutions [3]. It has paved the way for the adoption of sophisticated forms of healthcare provision based on mobile devices and context-awareness, such as mobile health (mHealth)[4] and smart health (sHealth)[5], which require unprecedentedly complex integration strategies. e advances in healthcare and ICT serve the society as a whole (eg, patients, healthcare professionals, relatives, and governments) and support the sustainability of healthcare systems. New health ICT systems offer opportunities to improve the effectiveness and efficiency of healthcare services through innovative approaches in clinical service delivery, personalized health, and public health, with a wide impact on the well-being of individuals. Clearly, the study of the integration of healthcare solutions based on ICT is a hot topic that deserves attention.

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