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Authors: Constantinos Patsakis, Kleanthis Dellios, Jose Maria De Fuentes, Fran Casino, Agusti Solanas.

Publication date: 2019/9/13

Journal: Journal of Hardware and Systems Security

Description: As the vehicles are gradually transformed into the connected-vehicles, standard features of the past (i.e. immobilizer, keyless entry, self-diagnostics) were neglected to be software updated and hardware upgraded so they do not “align” with the cyber-security demands of the new ICT era (IoT, Indus- try 4.0, IPv6, sensor technology) we have stepped into, therefore introducing critical legacy IT security issues. Stepping beyond the era of common auto- theft and “chop-shops”, the new wave of attackers have cyber-skills to exploit these vulnerabilities and steal the vehicle or manipulate it. Recent evolution in ICT offered automotive industry vital tools for vehicle safety, functionality and up to 2010, theft prevention. However, the same technologies are the ones that make vehicles prone to cyber-attacks. To counter such attacks, this work proposes a unified solution that logs all hardware profile changes of a vehi- cle in a blockchain, to manage control and allow only authenticated changes, subject to user, time, geospatial and contextual constraints exploiting several blockchain features. Testing of the proposed solution omens the prevention of numerous commons attacks, while additionally provides forensics capabilities and significantly enhancing the security architecture of the vehicle (respecting the original IT architectural design of automotive manufacturers).

Authors: Francisco Falcone, Costas Patsakis, Agusti Solanas.

Publication date: 2018/9/26

Journal: International Conference on Applications in Electronics Pervading Industry, Environment and Society

Description: In this article, an interactive context-aware system applied in passenger train transportation is outlined, following a holistic approach. User-system interaction is provided by means of wireless sensor/actuator networks deployed in several locations of the train infrastructure, coupled with additional information, such as user mobile phone data. Several services, such as user assistance (location/guidance), location-based marketing and interactive agendas are suggested. In addition to proposing this conceptual idea, analysis in terms of Quality of Service metrics, in terms of wireless coverage/capacity channel estimation, as well as potential security issues are discussed. In this article we do not describe and discuss the solution in detail. Instead, the goal of this article is to set the ground for the development of the idea, discuss its feasibility in communications terms, and point out the security and privacy risks that might arise in this kind of contexts.
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