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David Riaño, Agusti Solanas

Workshop on Knowledge Representation for Health-Care Data, Processes and Guidelines, 160-173

Description: The raise of chronic diseases poses a challenge for the health care sector worldwide. In many cases, diseases are affected by an environmental component that, until now, could be hardly controlled. However, with the recent advances in information and communication technologies applied to cities, it becomes possible to collect real-time environmental data and use them to provide chronic patients with recommendations able to adapt to the changing environmental conditions. In this article, we study the use of the sensing capabilities of the so-called smart cities in the context of the recently proposed concept of Smart Health. In this context, we propose a way to exploit the relation between environmental factors and diseases, and we show how to obtain a comfort level for patients. Moreover, we study the application of our proposal to outdoor exercises and rehabilitative activities related to the treatment of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease.

Cesar Mauri, Agusti Solanas, Toni Granollers, Joan Bagés, Mabel García

IFIP Conference on Human-Computer Interaction, 696-699

Description: The Interactive Therapeutic Sensory Environment (ITSE) research project offers new opportunities on stimulation, interaction and interactive creation for people with moderate and severe mental and physical disabilities. Mainly based on computer vision techniques, the ITSE project allows the gathering of users’ gestures and their transformation into images, sounds and vibrations. Currently, in the APPC, we are working in a prototype that is capable of generating sounds based on the users’ motion and to process digitally the vocal sounds of the users. Tests with impaired users show that ITSE promotes participation, engagement and play. In this paper, we briefly describe the ITSE system, the experimental methodology, the preliminary results and some future goals.

Juvenal Machin, Agusti Solanas

International Work-Conference on the Interplay Between Natural and Artificial Computation, 212-222

Description: Smart cities result from the wide adoption of information and communication technologies aimed at addressing challenges arising from overpopulation and resources shortage. Despite their important and fundamental contributions, ICT alone can hardly cope with all the challenges posed by growing demands of overpopulated cities. Hence, novel approaches based on innovative paradigms are needed. In this article we revise the concept of Cognitive City founded on Siemens’ Connectivism and understood as the evolution of current smart cities augmented with artificial intelligence, internet of things, and ubiquitous computing. We present the concept of cognitive city as a complex system of systems resembling complex adaptive systems with natural resilient capabilities. We build and propose our model upon the principles of decentralized control, stigmergy and locality, multi-directional networking, randomness, specialization and redundancy. Also, we show a realistic application of our model. With the aim to set the ground for further research, we summarize the main challenges that remain open, both from a societal and technical perspective. Hence, the goal of this article is not to provide a solution to those challenges but, to raise awareness on the problem, and foster further research in the multiple lines that remain open.

Miguel Angel Garcia, Agusti Solanas

Robot Soccer World Cup, 451-458

Description: This paper describes a new technique for determining the distance to a planar surface and, at the same time, obtaining a characterization of the surface’s material through the use of conventional, low-cost infrared sensors. The proposed technique is advantageous over previous schemes in that it does not require additional range sensors, such as ultrasound devices, nor a priori knowledge about the materials that can be encountered. Experiments with an all-terrain mobile robot equipped with a ring of infrared sensors are presented.

Constantinos Patsakis, Achilleas Papageorgiou, Francisco Falcone, Agusti Solanas

2015 IEEE International Symposium on Medical Measurements and Applications (MeMeA) Proceedings, 214-218

Description: The unprecedented global shift towards cities is drastically changing the urban environment. With the aim to mitigate the problems that these changes may introduce , cities are gradually being transformed into the so-called “Smart Cities”. This transformation involves the deployment of numerous sensors and communication infrastructures that are used to provide better management and resource allocation. Recently, the concept of smart health (s-health) was proposed in order to bridge healthcare services with Smart Cities' infrastructures and offer novel services to the cities and their citizens. In this article we propose a new s-Health embodiment for emergency response systems in urban and sub-urban environments.

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